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ic Republic of Pakistan

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Culture of Pakistan – history, people, clothing, traditions and etiquette

July 31st, 2010 · Pakistan TravelPakistani CulturePakistani FashionPakistani FoodPeople of Pakistan

Pakistan’s culture is very diverse. This stems from the fact that what is now Pakistan has in the past been invaded and occupied by many different peoples, including White Huns, Persians, Arabs, Turks, Mongols and various Eurasian groups. There are differences in culture among the different ethnic groups in matters such as dress, food, and religion, especially where indigenous pre-Islamic customs differ from Islamic practices.
The national dress of Pakistan is Shalwar Kameez for both men and women. It consists of a long, loose fitting tunic with very baggy trousers. The men’s version consists of solid, masculine colors, and is almost always accompanied by a collar and buttons (similar to a polo shirt). The women’s version almost never contains collar and buttons but is often embroidered and consists of feminine colors and may feature lace or flower patterns.
Spices and curry are an essential part of any Pakistani recipe. The most prevalent spices include chili powder, turmeric, garlic, paprika, black and red pepper, cumin seed, bay leaf, coriander, cardamom, cloves, ginger, cinnamon, saffron, nutmeg, and poppy seeds, among others. Using yogurt to marinate meats is another typical recipe. Because of the use of spices and curry for the main dish, the usual side dish is plain rice. Lentils are another common specialty. Usually any meat, fowl, or seafood is curried, and frying is the typical method of cooking. Ghee, which is clarified butter, is another commonly used recipe item and is often used for frying.
Pakistani literature, that is, the literature of Pakistan, originates from when Pakistan gained its nationhood as a sovereign state in 1947. The common and shared tradition of Urdu literature and English literature of South Asia was inherited by the new state. Over a period of time, a body of literature unique to Pakistan has emerged in nearly all major Pakistani languages, including Urdu, English, Punjabi, Pashto, Seraike, Blochi, and Sindhi.
Perhaps the most popular sport in Pakistan is cricket, and large amounts of Pakistanis gather around TV sets to watch the Pakistani team play in World competitions, especially against Pakistan’s rival India. Pakistan has one of the top teams in international cricket, one that won the World Cup in 1992. Field Hockey is also an important sport in Pakistan, Pakistan having won the gold medal at the Olympics a number of times in the sport.
The enthusiasm for poetry exists at a regional level as well, with nearly all of Pakistan’s provincial languages continuing the legacy. Urdu as the national language, poetry is written in that language as well. Allama Iqbal is the national poet includes the famous poets Mirza Ghalib, Faiz Ahmad Faiz, and Ahmad Nadeem Qasimi. Apart from Urdu poetry, Pakistani poetry also has blends of other regional languages.
Following festivals celebrated in Pakistan through out the county Ramadan, Chand Raat, Eid celebrations, Milaad UN Nabi, Jashn-e-Baharan, Nowruz, Independence Day, Defense Day Parade
Many tourists and travelers to Pakistan are often surprised at the hospitality that Pakistani show to guests and tourists. In many of the traditional cultures of Pakistan, hospitality is considered an obligatory and anyone found to be a poor host is shunned socially. Consumption of alcoholic beverages by Muslims is officially illegal in Pakistan.

Trip to Mangla Dam Pakistan – Mangla Hydel Power Station

July 31st, 2010 · Demographics of PakistanPakistan Travel

Worlds sixth largest dam while it was constructed, Mangla Dam located in Mirpur District Azad Kashmir Pakistan. It was built from 1961-1967. Having height 138 meters or 453 ft form the level of river and with length of 3140 meters or 10302 ft. It capacity to hold the water is 7250 million cubic meters.
India gained rights to the waters of the raci,sutlej and beas rivers while Pakistan in addition to water to of the above three rivers withein Pakistan jhelum chenab andindus rivers. Until 1967, the entire irrigation system of Pakistan was fully dependent on unregulated flows of the Indus and its major tributaries. The agricultural yield was very low for a number of reasons, the most important being a lack of water during critical growing periods. Mangla dam was the first development project to reduce the shortage of water for the irrigation system.
Now Mangle dam is at the number of 20 in the ranking of the largest dam of the world.
Its construction completed in 1967. During the Pak-indo war of 1971 dam was damaged due to an Indian air force raid. It’s about 100 km from the Pakistan capital Islamabad.

Since during its first impounding in 1967, sedimentation has occurred to the extent of 1.13 million acre feet, and the present gross storage capacity has declined to 4.75 million acre feet, this reduce the capacity of the dam up to 19.22%. The power unit of the Mangla dam consist of 10 units each having capacity of 100MW, so the total capacity of the dam is 1000MW.
The Government of Pakistan had agreed to pay royalties to the Government of AJK (Azad Kashmir) for the use of the water and electricity generated by the dam. Over 280 villages and the towns of Mirpur and Dadyal were submerged and over 110,000 people were displaced from the area as a result of the dam being built.
Pakistan needs such type of mega projects as recently Pakistan is suffering from the energy crises. Kala Bagh dam can resolve our problem of energy. Kala Bagh dam can be the largest dam of Pakistan but due to some ominous politicians this project is hanging from a long time.

AirBlue Passenger Plane Crashes Near Margalla Hills Islamabad

July 28th, 2010 · Pakistan Daily News

AirBlue Passenger Plane Crashes Near Margalla Hills Islamabad
An Airbus A321 operated by privately owned Pakistani carrier Airblue Ltd. crashed in to hills near Islamabad in foggy weather and rain on Wednesday, killing many of the 152 people on board, civil aviation authorities said.
Airblue was started in 2004 by Pakistan businessman and politician Shahid Khaqan Abbasi, and has quickly grown in to the nation’s number two carrier behind PIA. Mr. Abbasi was a former chairman of PIA in the 1990s. It flies international routes to the United Kingdom, United Arab Emirates and Oman.
According to Airblue’s website, the airline carried 1.4 million passengers in its 2006-2007 fiscal year compared with PIA’s five million, the latest figures available. Until Wednesday, the airline has not suffered any fatal crashes.

Shahi Qila (Lahore Fort) Indo Islamic Architecture

July 27th, 2010 · Demographics of PakistanPakistan TravelTwitter Pakistan Users

Lahore Fort locally called as the Shahi Qila (Royal Fort) situated in the city of Lahore in Punjab Pakistan. Located in the northwestern corner of the city Lahore, having area of 20 hectares.
This fort was initially constructed in 1566 AD by the Mughal Emperor Akbar. Durind the Mughal Emperors period in subcontinent there construct many historical buildings among which some are in India some are in Pakistan. Lahore Is one of the greatest construction from the Mughals that are recently present in there original shape. Fort contains 13 gates; the main gates are located alongside the center of the western and eastern walls.

Agricultural Importance of Pakistan

July 26th, 2010 · Demographics of PakistanGifts to PakistanTwitter Pakistan Users

Pakistan is an agricultural country. Allah has gives us a land that is suitable for every kind of crops also every type of suit able season for crops remains in Pakistan. World’s greatest and largest irrigation system containing country Pakistan. About 70% of the peoples of the Pakistan are related to agriculture. Pakistan is one of the world’s largest producer and suppliers of the food item to he united nations. With the agriculture the Pakistani peoples are also rich in livestock’s. It is a trend that every farmer must have livestock’s collection with the cultivation. Due to this many fertilizer companies and pesticide companies from Pakistan and out of the Pakistan working in Pakistan.
The most popular crops of Pakistan are Wheat, Sugarcane, Cotton (Pakistan is one of the world’s largest producers of raw cotton. The size of the annual cotton crop—the bulk of it grown in Punjab province—is a crucial barometer of the health of the overall economy) and Rice (Pakistan is a major rice exporter and annually exports about 2 million tons, or about 10 percent of world trade. About 25 percent of exports are Pakistan’s famous fragrant Basmati rice. Rice is Pakistan’s second leading source of export earnings. Private traders handle all exports), Tobacco is grown mainly in the North-West Frontier Province and Punjab and is an important cash crop. Yields in Pakistan are about twice those for neighboring countries largely due to the extension services provided by the industry. About 75% of the value of total crop output.

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